Looking Back: Hacking and Defending Windows Public Key Infrastructure (ADCS)

I live at the fringes of the cybersecurity community. I have never attended infosec conferences. There will be a talk on PKI hacking at Blackhat 2021 soon: Top AD offensive security gurus are presenting comprehensive research on abusing ADCS (Active Directory Certificate Services). I only know about that, because I noticed backlinks from their article … Continue reading Looking Back: Hacking and Defending Windows Public Key Infrastructure (ADCS)

Secure Poetry: “I have been quite confident”

A poem from snippets of two postings on cybersecurity. Trying to carve words out of jargon. Details on the creative process at the bottom of the post.   I have been quite confident I have been inspired In this simple way to find both options take note of an extra stealth factor I hardly ever … Continue reading Secure Poetry: “I have been quite confident”

Injecting an EFS Recovery Agent – and Let the Virus Scanner Help You!

How can you read files encrypted with Windows's Encrypting File System if you neither have access to the owner's encryption certificate and key and nor that of a legit data recovery agent (DRA) ... but if you are a local administrator? This work is still inspired by the hackthebox machine Helpline. You were able to … Continue reading Injecting an EFS Recovery Agent – and Let the Virus Scanner Help You!

Parse Certificates Stored in the Windows Registry

You can parse the binary blobs that represent certificates stored in the Windows registry with certutil correctly, even when the Windows Explorer / GUI tells you that this is not a certificate. certutil¬†seems to be able to handle / ignore meta data better. Once upon a time I played with the machine Ethereal provided by … Continue reading Parse Certificates Stored in the Windows Registry

The RSA Algorithm

You want this: Encrypt a message to somebody else - using information that is publicly available. Somebody else should then be able to decrypt the message, using only information they have; nobody else should be able to read this information. The public key cryptography algorithm RSA does achieve this. This article is my way of … Continue reading The RSA Algorithm

Impersonating a Windows Enterprise Admin with a Certificate: Kerberos PKINIT from Linux

This is about a serious misconfiguration of a Windows Public Key Infrastructure integrated with Active Directory: If you can edit certificate templates, you can impersonate the Active Directory Forests's Enterprise Administrator by logging on with a client certificate. You have a persistent credential that will also survive the reset of this admin's password. In the … Continue reading Impersonating a Windows Enterprise Admin with a Certificate: Kerberos PKINIT from Linux

Helpline @ hackthebox: Injecting an EFS Recovery Agent to Read Encrypted Files

Another great machine has been retired on hackthebox.eu - Helpline by @egre55! Here is my 'silly' unintended way to root the box: You can get both the encrypted user and root flag via the cumbersome web RCE alone - if you wait for a legit user to just look at the file. This is unlikely … Continue reading Helpline @ hackthebox: Injecting an EFS Recovery Agent to Read Encrypted Files

Simple Ping Sweep, Port Scan, and Getting Output from Blind Remote Command Execution

Just dumping some quick and dirty one-liners! These are commands I had used to explore locked-down Windows and Linux machines, using bash or powershell when no other binaries were available or could be transferred to the boxes easily. Trying to ping all hosts in a subnet Linux for i in $(seq 1 254); do host=192.168.0.$i; … Continue reading Simple Ping Sweep, Port Scan, and Getting Output from Blind Remote Command Execution

Ethereal @ hackthebox: Certificate-Related Rabbit Holes

This post is related to the 'insanely' difficult hackthebox machine Ethereal (created by egre55 and MinatoTW) that was recently retired. Beware - It is not at all a full comprehensive write-up! I zoom in on openssl, X.509 certificates, signing stuff, and related unnecessary rabbit holes that were particularly interesting to me - as somebody who … Continue reading Ethereal @ hackthebox: Certificate-Related Rabbit Holes

Unintended 2nd Order SQL Injection

Why I am not afraid of the AI / Big Data / Cloud powered robot apocalypse. SQL order injection means to run custom SQL queries through web interfaces because the input to the intended query is not sanitized, like appending the infamous ' OR '1'='1 to a user name or search term. It is 2nd … Continue reading Unintended 2nd Order SQL Injection